ABSTRACT

This study examines whether an improved information environment in the OTCQX International market (hereafter QX market) benefits blue-chip foreign private issuers (FPIs). We find that around 600 FPIs traded their stocks in the QX market during 2007–2016, and they are financially better than their home-country counterparts. We also find approximately 6 percent abnormal return around the cross-listing days. Moreover, FPIs with higher financial reporting transparency (i.e., lower earnings smoothness and preparing financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards) experience more pronounced abnormal returns and liquidity improvement around cross-listing. Further analysis shows the market premium of cross-listing on the QX market is not attributed to the bonding effect. Our results highlight the importance of the information environment of a less regulated OTC market in benefiting large and established FPIs, which should be of interest to regulators, investors, and foreign firms intended to access less regulated U.S. markets.

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