SAC-based alloys are one of the most common solder materials that are utilized to provide mechanical support and electrical connection between electronic components and the printed circuit board. Enhancing the mechanical properties of solder joints can improve the life of the components. One of the mechanical properties that define the solder joint structure integrity is the shear strength. The main objective of this study is to assess the shear strength behavior of SAC305 solder joints under different aging conditions. Instron 5948 Micromechanical Tester with a customized fixture is used to perform accelerated shear tests on individual solder joints. The shear strength of SAC305 solder joints with organic solderability preservative (OSP) surface finish is investigated at constant strain rate under different aging times (2, 10, 100, and 1,000 h) and different aging temperatures (50, 100, and 150°C). The nonaged solder joints are examined as well for comparison purposes. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is accomplished to identify the contribution of each parameter on the shear strength. A general empirical model is developed to estimate the shear strength as a function of aging conditions using the Arrhenius term. Microstructure analysis is performed at different aging conditions using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results revealed a significant reduction in the shear strength when the aging level is increased. An increase in the precipitates coarsening and intermetallic compound (IMC) layer thickness are observed with increased aging time and temperature.

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