Undergraduate student volunteers (N=97) were randomly assigned to one of two six-hour forgiveness psychoeducational seminars or to a wait-list control group. Based on attachment theory, forgiveness was conceptualized in relation to the care-giving behavioral system (Mikulincer & Shaver, 2007). Both the Empathy Forgiveness Seminar and the Self-enhancement Forgiveness Seminar facilitated forgiveness to a greater degree than the wait-list control group at post-test and six-week follow-up. Empathy mediated changes in participants' forgiveness scores regardless of seminar condition. Shame-proneness was negatively related to post-test forgiveness scores and guilt-proneness was positively related to forgiveness at post-test and follow-up. Implications for interventions are discussed.
Comparison of Two Group Interventions to Promote Forgiveness: Empathy as a Mediator of Change
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Steven Sandage, Everett Worthington; Comparison of Two Group Interventions to Promote Forgiveness: Empathy as a Mediator of Change. Journal of Mental Health Counseling 1 January 2010; 32 (1): 35–57. doi: https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.32.1.274536n518571683
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