Scholars have identified vicarious traumatization (VT) as one of the most extreme effects of working with traumatized clients; however, not all mental health therapists develop VT (Pearlman & Saakvitne, 1995). Path analytic procedures were used to assess a comprehensive theoretical VT model based on constructivist self-development theory (CSDT). The model explained 46% of the variance in VT in mental health therapists surveyed.

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