This study investigated the relationship between burnout and clinical work setting, demographic characteristics, and personality factors among a national sample of professional counselors (N = 340) and found significant differences in degree of burnout between work settings. Community mental health outpatient counselors reported significantly greater burnout than either private practice or inpatient counselors. A complex interaction of sex, race, and years of professional experience also differentiated the degree of burnout. With regard to personality factors, counselors with less neuroticism and higher extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness experienced greater personal accomplishment and less depersonalization and emotional exhaustion.

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