The number of sexual crimes committed against women in the United States is high, and the prevalence of these crimes is on the rise. Although these crimes are heinous and have severe consequences on survivors, they are highly excused in U.S. society, and the responsibility for the assault is often shifted from the perpetrators to the survivors. In this paper, we will review the influence of willing substance use and race and ethnicity on the attribution of blame and responsibility in rape crimes. More specifically, we will present the results of an analysis of variance (N = 316) of (a) the willing use of alcohol, marijuana, and heroin and (b) race and ethnicity (Black, Hispanic, and White) on blame attribution in rape crimes. Additionally, we will review the findings on the influence of participants’ demographics. Our results provide support for previous findings regarding the impact of alcohol and introduce new insight about the influence of race and ethnicity.

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