An important aspect of soil health is the compaction or bulk density of a soil: an integral component of soil structure. Along with large tractors and cultivation implements, farm animals are responsible for the majority of compaction in modern agriculture systems. Highly compacted soils inhibit the penetration of roots as well as infiltration of air and water, and increase the susceptibility to erosion and runoff. Compaction resulting in bare soils is noticeable mainly in cattle (Bos Taurus) trails formed in grazing systems. There is discrepancy to the degree in which these trails are compacted and how far this compaction spreads laterally from the center of each trail. While trail density may increase in smaller paddocks, the degree of compaction of each of these trails may be smaller than that of a primary trail in larger paddocks. Presumptively, the...

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