Autologous bone transfer is regarded as the gold standard for ridge augmentation before dental implantation, especially in severe bony defects caused by tumor resection or atrophy. In addition to the advantages of autologous bone, transplantation has several disadvantages, such as secondary operation, increased morbidity and pain. The present study reports, for the first time, a combination of a xenogeneic bone substitute (BO) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is a fully autologous blood concentrate derived from the patient's own peripheral blood by centrifugation. Solid A-PRF+ and liquid i-PRF together with an individualized 3-D planned titanium mesh were used for reconstruction of a severe tumor-related bony defect within the mandible of a former head and neck cancer patient. The BO enriched with regenerative components from PRF allowed the reconstruction of the mandibular resective defect under the 3-D mesh without autologous bone transplantation. Complete rehabilitation and restoration of the patient's oral function were achieved. Histological analysis of extracted bone biopsies confirmed that the new bone within the augmented region originated from the residual bone. Within the limitations of the presented case, the applied concept appears to be a promising approach to increase the regenerative capacity of a bone substitute material, as well as decrease the demand for autologous bone transplantation, even in cases in which autologous bone is considered the golden standard. PRF can be considered a reliable source for increasing the biological capacities of bone substitute materials.

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