During the past 30 years, guided bone regeneration (GBR) has been successfully performed to treat fenestration, alveolar dehiscence, extraction sockets, and various alveolar ridge deficiencies. Providing spaces using barrier membranes combined with bone graft materials contributes to the best long-term stability of the newly augmented site. As a result of the ongoing research on GBR, many methods to increase bone volume have improved, various materials have been studied to induce new tissue growth, and numerous barrier membranes have been developed for different clinical situations.

Titanium-reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membranes stabilized with pins and screws are often considered the most predictable technique for increasing bone volume in larger alveolar ridge deficiencies prior to or during implant surgery. Titanium mesh shows similar results for alveolar ridge deficiencies because of its excellent mechanical properties for the stabilization of bone grafts such as high strength, low density, plasticity, and low weight. In...

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