Various grafting materials have been used in oral and periodontal surgeries to augment and rebuild bone intraorally. Calcium sulfate, a synthetic material, also known as an alloplast, has been used for decades in orthopedics, plastic surgery, and oncologic and maxillofacial surgeries for the treatment of osseous deficiencies caused by trauma or inflammation. Biphasic calcium sulfate provides benefits as a short-term space maintainer. Use of biphasic calcium sulfate as the sole material are limited to relatively small osseous defects surrounded by at least 3 bony walls (eg, extraction sockets). Thus, for augmenting large and more complex bone deficiencies Bond Apatite, a composite graft formulation, is indicated. This work will review the various clinical applications of Bond Apatite as an alternative to other graft materials.

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