Obtaining parallelism during implant placement is often difficult, leading to inclination of implants. The present study evaluated the stress distribution in 3-unit fixed partial dentures supported by 2 implants with different inclinations and prosthetic abutments. Universal castable long abutments (UCLAs) or tapered abutments were used considering 17° of implant angulation in different directions (mesial, distal, buccal, or lingual). To do so, 3-dimensional finite element models were built and exported to specific analysis software. Forces were applied to the functional cusps. Data were obtained with regard to the maximum principal and von Mises stresses (in MPa). No relevant differences were observed in the stress values in the cortical and cancellous bone nor in the prosthesis with UCLA or tapered abutments. However, a relevant stress reduction in the prosthetic screws of the tilted implant was observed when using UCLA abutments. According to the obtained results, it is possible to suggest that both UCLA or tapered abutments can be used for 3-unit fixed partial dentures when 1 of the implants is tilted. UCLA abutment might lead to less biomechanical problems related to screw loosening or fracture.

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