The aim of this prospective study was to compare implant success rate and crestal bone loss around tilted and straight implants supporting immediate-loading full-arch rehabilitations. Twenty consecutive patients with edentulous jaws treated between June 2013 and July 2015 who satisfied all inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. All patients were rehabilitated through a full-arch restoration supported by 4 or 6 immediately loaded implants. Clinical and radiographic examinations were scheduled every 12 months to evaluate implant success rates and crestal bone levels. Significant differences in crestal bone levels and success rates between straight and tilted implants were investigated by means of independent statistical analysis; differences were regarded as significant if P < .05. Seventy straight and 50 tilted implants were placed to rehabilitate 14 mandibles and 12 maxillae in 20 patients. After a follow-up of 12 to 36 months, survival rate was 97.1% for straight implants and 96.0% for tilted implants; while success rates were 94.3% and 94.0%, respectively. Success and survival rates were not significantly different (P > .05). Change in crestal bone level was 0.5 ± 0.4 mm for straight implants and 0.6 ± 0.4 mm for tilted implants (P > .05). Straight and tilted implants seemed to have similar behavior after immediate loading rehabilitations. After functional loading, straight and tilted implants did not differ significantly in clinical outcome.

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