The entire dental profession has been in a state of confusion due to the recent increase in pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases. The disease is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Dental team members are on the exposure-risk front line of this COVID-19 pandemic. It is well accepted that aerosolized saliva droplets of infected individuals are one of the main mechanisms for community transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Infected individuals maybe asymptomatic or symptomatic. This leads to the question: Which patients present a risk to dental care providers? This issue of risk has led to the recommendation that only necessary emergency dental care should be provided; however, a clear definition of the dental emergency is not agreed upon. Morbidity of dental disease left untreated becomes predictably worse, which makes a dental emergency more devastating and costly. This highlights the importance surrounding the issue of how dentists can know when...

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