Clinical observations of peri-implantitis have significantly increased in recent years, likely because of the large number of patients demanding mouth rehabilitation, implant-prosthetic treatments, and procedures to assure implant maintenance.

Statistics are difficult to analyze because the standard deviations are very high, likely because of self-declaration by dental practitioners. The prevalence of peri-implantitis varies from 7% to 28% and increases with follow-up.2,3  In fact, after 10 years, 10%–50% of implants develop peri-implantitis. Moreover, risk factors such as patient history (previous aggressive periodontitis and previous implant failures), technical misconduct, and incorrect material choice have not been systematically evaluated.

Peri-implantitis is considered a progressive and irreversible disease in the absence of treatment, and it concerns both soft and hard tissues. Peri-implantitis is characterized by inflammation and destruction of tissues surrounding the implant itself, resulting in bone resorption, reduction or absence of osseointegration, pocket formation, and suppuration from...

You do not currently have access to this content.