Historians have associated the word enigma (puzzle) with the Enigma cipher device developed in the mid-20th century and used extensively by the Axis powers during World War II. The Enigma machines (a family of machines) were unlocked by Allied powers with substantial help from Polish mathematicians Marian Rejewski, Henryk Zygalski, and Jerzy Różycki, who had mastered and applied the analytical tools needed to break the code used in these machines. Code breaking the mystery of the Enigma machines used during World War II had a major impact on how this war ended.

What is the meaningful and applicable information cloaked in the enigma of dental implantology research journal articles? The Axis powers who used their Enigma machines confused protected information by breaking expected language rules. Researchers who are new and/or have marginal research knowledge and experiences about research methodology and inferential statistics may have the best research intentions;...

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