This study aimed to evaluate bone regeneration within infected extraction sockets with bone defects using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) at a 1-year follow-up after implant placement in a prosthetically driven implant position. Forty-eight patients requiring premolar or molar tooth extraction due to bone defects caused by periodontal diseases were included. Vertical and horizontal bone volumes were assessed by overlapping the CBCT scan images with the full digital process. At 1-year post-extraction, a prosthetically-driven implant was planned using virtual implant planning software. At 1 year after extraction, CBCT revealed significant horizontal and vertical bone gains; an overall mean buccolingual bone width gain of 5.46 ± 2.87 mm, and an overall mean vertical bone gain of 0.27 ± 1.28 mm for the lingual bone plate level and 3.50 ± 1.81 mm for the buccal bone plate level were observed. Except for 4 (out of 48) sites, implants were virtually positioned in the center of the edentulous spaces. In summary, despite the dimensional changes after tooth extraction in compromised posterior sockets, there was sufficient bone for placing an implant using the prosthetically driven approach.

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