Subcrestal placement of implants may have interproximal bone proximity issues that interfere with the submucosal contour of implant-supported zirconia restorations during delivery of the restorations. Modification of the mesial distal submucosal areas may be necessary to fully seat the restoration without impingement of the interproximal bone. Our aim was to determine if modification of submucosal cervical contour of implant supported zirconia-titanium base (Zi-Ti base) restorations resulted in a significant change in fracture strength compared with Zi-Ti base restorations without any modification near the cervical submucosal area. Implant Zi-Ti base restorations designed in the form of a maxillary premolar were made for the Straumann implant lab analog. Zirconia samples were cemented onto the Ti-base and the test group (N = 20) underwent recontouring and polishing at the junction of the Zi-Ti base cervical areas. The control group (N = 20) did not undergo any modifications. All 40 samples underwent fracture testing with an Instron machine. We assessed differences between modified and unmodified implants restorations using a 2-tailed t test for independent samples. Fracture strength values (N) ranged from 4354.68 to 6412.49 in the test group (N = 20) and from 5400.31 to 6953.22 in the control group (N = 20). The average fracture strength in the control group (6154.84 ± 320.50) was higher than in the modified group (5593.13 ± 486.51; P < .001). Modification of submucosal contour significantly decreased fracture strength. However, the average fracture strength exceeded the masticatory forces of humans.

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