Currently, osseointegrated implants are safely used to rehabilitate edentulous patients. However, bone reconstructive surgeries are often necessary to guarantee long-term prosthetically driven implant success. Success is based on both aesthetic and functional considerations.1–3  Bone augmentation techniques have advanced, but the treatment of atrophic alveolar ridges persists as a major challenge in oral surgery.1,4  The use of autologous bone grafts is a well-documented technique for the rehabilitation of congenital or acquired alveolar defects. To obtain a good clinical outcome, it is mandatory to plan and place implants as determined by the prosthetic needs, according to the concepts of restoration-driven implant placement and prosthetically guided regeneration.5–7  Depending on the size of the osseous defect, bone reconstruction can be performed either before implant placement or simultaneously with implant placement.

Autologous bone represents the “gold standard” for bone augmentation, because of its optimal biological...

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