Primary implant stability (PIS) is known to vary with recipient bone mass and density, dental implant design and surgical technique. The objective of this preliminary study was to compare rotational and lateral PIS of same-coronal-diameter conical and parallel implants, using insertion torque recorded with a dental implant motor set and implant stability quotient obtained from resonance frequency analysis (performed with both Osstell and Penguin systems) as measures of rotational and lateral stability, respectively. Additionally, the relationship between PIS and alveolar ridge width (ARW) was explored in both implant types. Sixty dental implants (30 tapered and 30 parallel) were randomly placed with a split-mouth design in 17 patients. Bone density and ARW were estimated from cone beam computed tomography images taken with radiological-surgical templates. Density and width values were similar in the 2 groups (P > .05). Implant coronal diameters were 3.75 mm in all cases, while consistent with the manufacturer’s recommendations, final drill bit diameters used were 3.25 and 3.4 mm for parallel and tapered implants, respectively. Insertion torque was higher (P < .05) with parallel implants, but between-group differences in implant stability quotient were not significant (P > .05). In tapered implants, insertion torque was inversely correlated with ARW (P < .001). Notably, significant differences were observed between resonance frequency analysis values from Osstell and Penguin systems (P < .001). In conclusion, future studies should explore how PIS may be influenced by final drill bit size regardless of implant design and potential limits on the effectiveness of tapered implants to achieve good stability in thick low-density bone.

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