Achieving adequate primary stability for dental implants in the posterior maxilla is challenging due to the area’s low bone density and fine trabecular bone. Low primary implant stability can compromise the long-term success of the implant. This study aims to evaluate the effect of intentionally undersized osteotomy sites on the insertion torque of implants placed in type 4 bone density in the posterior maxilla, regardless of the surgeon’s tactile sense of the bone density. The conventional implant placement technique was performed in the posterior maxilla by intentionally omitting the last drill of the recommended drilling sequence protocol. The insertion torque was measured using an integrated surgical motor software. The study included 72 implants in patients of both genders and different age groups. The retrieved samples were divided into four groups, with insertion torque ranging from 11 Ncm to 48 Ncm. The mean insertion torque was 26.51 ± 0.18 Ncm for all cases (P = .001). No significant difference was found in the mean insertion torque between different age groups (26.51 ± 2.845, P = .84). However, a significant difference was observed between male and female cases (P = .84). Most implant insertion torque measurements vary significantly between cases in the intentionally underprepared posterior maxillary osteotomy site. The last drill should be omitted for all preparations of the posterior maxillary implant sites. Intentionally minimizing the osteotomy site is recommended for all posterior maxillary implant cases.

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