Some authors have recommended that implant-supported single crowns should only contact during heavy clenching. However, a lack of occlusal contact with moderate clenching may cause supra-eruption of antagonist natural teeth. The main objective of this study was to assess changes in the occlusal contacts of posterior implant-supported single crowns with natural antagonist teeth two years after placement. The occlusal schemes of 14 patients who received 16 implant-supported single crowns in molar and premolar regions were assessed in this prospective study. Just after crown placement, at 6 months and after 2 years a silicone maxillomandibular relationship and T-scan records were obtained during the intercuspal position with light and heavy clenching, determined using near half of the maximum force and maximum force respectively. Occlusal contacts were assessed quantitatively and qualitatively in the implant-supported single crowns, contralateral tooth and adjacent tooth; the latter two were used as controls. After six months and two years, no significant variations were observed in any region of the occlusal scheme in any assessments, including silicone record or T-Scan, using light or heavy clenching, and qualitative or quantitative occlusal contact assessment. In this preliminary study, the occlusal scheme did not vary at the intercuspal position two years after placing posterior implant-supported single crowns.

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