Subcrestal placement of implants may have interproximal bone proximity issues that interfere with submucosal contour of the implant-supported Zirconia restorations during delivery of these restorations. Modification of the mesial distal submucosal areas may be necessary to fully seat the restoration without impingement of the interproximal bone. Our aim was to determine if modification of submucosal cervical contour of implant supported zirconia titanium base (Zi-Ti base) restorations result in a significant change in fracture strength compared to Zi-Ti base restorations without any modification near the cervical submucosal area. Implant Zi-Ti base restorations, designed in the form of a maxillary premolar was made for the Straumann implant lab analog. Zirconia samples were cemented onto the Ti-base and the test group (N=20) underwent recontouring and polishing at the junction of the Zi-Ti-base cervical areas. The control group (N=20) did not undergo any modifications. All 40 samples underwent fracture testing with an Instron machine. We assessed differences between modified and unmodified implant restorations using a two-tailed t-test for independent samples. Fracture strength values (N) ranged from 4,354.68 to 6,412.49 in the test group (N=20) and from 5,400.31 to 6,953.22 in the control group (N=20). The average fracture strength in the control group (6,154.84 ± 320.50) was higher than in the modified group (5,593.13 ± 486.51; p<.001)). Modification of submucosal contour significantly decreased the fracture strength. However, the average fracture strength exceeded the masticatory forces of humans.
Evaluation of fracture resistance of zirconia modification/polishing around implant abutments
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Cheryl Jonghee Park, Jenny Jin Son, Richard Lin, Jin-Ho Phark, Melissa Lee Wilson, Winston W. Chee, George Cho; Evaluation of fracture resistance of zirconia modification/polishing around implant abutments. J Oral Implantol 2021; doi: https://doi.org/10.1563/aaid-joi-D-20-00144
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