This study evaluated the anatomical factors that influence the virtual planning of zygomatic implants by using cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans. CBCT scans of 268 maxilla edentulous patients were transferred to a specialized implant planning software (Galaxis, Sirona) for the following measurements: maxillo-sinus concavity size (small, medium, and large), Zygoma width, implant insertion angle, implant length, and implant apical anchorage. Concavity sizes found were as follows: 34.95% small, 52.30% medium, and 7.35% large. The mean insertion angle was 43.2 degrees and the average implant apical anchorage was 9.1mm. The most frequent implant length was 40mm. Significant differences were found when the different types of concavities in relation to the installation angle, the distance of the apical portion of the implant in contact with the zygomatic bone and the lateral-lateral thickness of the zygomatic bone were compared (p<0.001). Medium-sized maxillary sinus concavity presented greater apical anchorage of the implant (9.7mm) and was the most frequent type (52.30%). The zygomatic bone is a viable site for zygomatic fixtures and the use of specialized implant planning software is an important tool to achieve predictable outcomes for zygomatic implants and allows good visualization of the implant-anatomical structures relation.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.