It is hypothesized that under optimal glycemic control (GC), there is no difference in the survival of implants placed in the zygomatic bone of edentulous patient with and without type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Purpose: The aim was to assess the influence of GC on survival of implants placed in the zygomatic bone of edentulous patient with and without T2DM at 10-years’ follow-up. Twenty patients with T2DM (10 with poorly- and 10 with well-controlled T2DM) and 12 patients without T2DM were included. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were recorded and demographic data was collected from all participants. Peri-implant inflammatory parameters (plaque index [PI], probing depth [PD], crestal bone loss [BL] and gingival index [GI]) were measured in all patients. Group comparisons were done and P-values, which were less than 0.01 were indicative of statistical significance. Twenty and 12 male patients with and without T2DM, respectively were included. Among patients with T2DM, 10 and 10 individuals had poorly- and well-controlled T2DM, respectively.  The mean HbA1c levels were significantly higher in patients with poorly- (9.2 ± 0.7%) compared with well-controlled T2DM (4.8 ± 0.3%) (P<0.01) and non-diabetic individuals (4.6 ± 0.3%) (P<0.01). The crestal BL on the mesial (P<0.01) and distal (P<0.01) surfaces, PD (P<0.01), PI (P<0.01), and GI (P<0.01) were significantly higher around all zygoma implants placed in patients with poorly-controlled T2DM compared with patients with well-controlled T2DM and patients without T2DM. These clinicoradiographic parameters were comparable around zygoma implants placed in patient with well-controlled T2DM and in subjects without T2DM.  Optimal glycemic control is essential for the long-term stability of zygomatic plants in patients with T2DM.

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