The purpose of this study was to compare heat and sound generated during implant osteotomy when different types of drill were used in artificial bone and bovine bone blocks. A total of 80 implant osteotomies were formed using 4 implant drilling systems; N1 (OsseoShaper) (Nobel), NobelActive (Nobel), V3 (MIS) and BLX (Straumann) in both artificial bone and bovine bone blocks. Thermocouple probes were used to record temperature change at the depths of 5.0 mm and 13.0 mm of each implant osteotomy formed by the final drill. In addition, thermographic images, drilling sound, and drilling time were recorded and evaluated. Statistical analyses were performed at α = 0.05. The mean temperature changes as recorded by thermocouple probes and thermocamera were significantly lower in OsseoShaper than most other drill-bone combinations (p < .05). The mean drilling times and sound generation for OsseoShaper were significantly higher and lower than most other drill-bone combinations (p < .05), respectively. Minimal heat and sound generation can be expected when implant osteotomies are performed using Osseoshaper at a low rotational speed (50 rpm) even without irrigation. However, extended drilling time is required.

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