The present study aims to assess the feasibility of implant rehabilitation in kidney-transplanted patients. Patients with kidney transplantation included in periodontal supportive care and at least one year of dialysis with mono- or partial edentulism were eligible for this study. Histomorphometric evaluation of the harvested bone was matched with radiological bone assessment. Implant stability was also monitored with RFA and ITV. Fixed cemented prostheses have been delivered after conventional loading protocol. Supportive periodontal therapy has been administered. Eleven patients (9 males and 2 females) were included. The mean age was 58.1 ± 9.9 years. A total of 17 implants were inserted and analyzed. Mean ITV was 39.3 ± 23.8 Ncm. The mean primary stability (ISQ) at T0 was 71.7 ± 10.5, whereas the mean secondary stability at T1 was 73.0 ± 7.3. The minimum follow-up was 62 months, with a maximum of 84 months (7 years) reached by four patients. Fourteen out of 15 implants were in function at a 5-year follow-up (survival rate 93.3%). Two implants showed peri-implantitis. Seventeen bone samples were collected (13 in the mandible and 4 in the maxilla). The mean percentage of marrow spaces and lamellar bone was 41.6% and 58.4%, respectively. Class 3, according to Misch classification, was found as the mean value of radiological bone density. It can be concluded that implant-supported rehabilitation in kidney-transplanted patients is possible. Adequate periodontal maintenance allows implant rehabilitation in kidney transplanted patients with long-term sufficient survival rates.

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