The period after World War II witnessed an overall decline in the use of child labor in commercialized agriculture due to three factors: the mechanization of agriculture, especially in sugar beets and cotton; unionization of migrant labor; and a differentiation by the public between family farm work and labor in commercialized agriculture. The 1966 amendments to the Fair Labor Standards Act restricted child labor both during school hours and outside of school hours, and were the culmination of reform efforts going back to the work of the National Child Labor Committee in 1911. Labor leaders such as Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta supported the 1966 amendments because they had seen the detrimental effects of children working instead of going to school. U.S. Senators Harrison Williams, Robert F. Kennedy, and Jacob Javits, supported the amendments because they believed that migrant children should not be working in the midst of an affluent society.

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