This work accesses Chaney and Castro's (1989) publication about domestic service in Latin America in the 1980–90s as a reference to focus on Brazil's case. In the period of 1990–2015 there is a highlight on the changes and permanencies in distinct dimensions, such as: analytic marks about paid domestic labor, especially recent contributions about the tie between class and recognition perspectives, and the focus on the intersectionality between race and gender in the class. This article explores life conditions in that period, highlighting advances, especially between 2004–2014. These have been associated with positive, yet incomplete changes in formal job opportunities, schooling and income for the workers, black men and women in Brazil. This scene has not gone on until 2015; but we can analyze changes in the laws regarding this professional category, especially wins and frailties in their legal protection, in dialogue with biography of activists of human rights for female domestic workers. We question to what extent the organized domestic labor in Brazil today is satisfied in equalizing recognition and respect to a cultural/ethical perspective, and even to the legal recognition. In the union agenda, social recognition combines singular ways of searching for a hybrid identity, as a member of a social class (of workers), of a race (as blacks), of a gender system. All of them are marked by subaltern relations of complex surpassing in a country with strong and retro feeding social iniquities.
Between Biography and History: Domestic Workers in Contemporary Brazil
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Mary Garcia Castro, Maria das Graças Neves de Souza, João Victor Marques da Silva; Between Biography and History: Domestic Workers in Contemporary Brazil. Journal of Latino/Latin American Studies 1 January 2018; 9 (1): 19–34. doi: https://doi.org/10.18085/1549-9502.9.1.19
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