ABSTRACT

We describe the thin and ultra-thin structures of the envelopes surrounding the cystacanth of Corynosoma strumosum (Rudolphi, 1802) Lühe, 1904, in its intermediate host. A total of 4,357 amphipods from 2 species were examined: Locustogammarus locustoides (Brandt, 1851) and Spinulogammarus ochotensis (Brandt, 1851). Eleven corynosome cystacanths were found in 6 S. ochotensis specimens. Three were enclosed in acellular cysts originating from the parasite. Three other cystacanths were also encysted and were surrounded by a lighter capsule consisting of the host's hemocytes. Five cystacanths were enclosed in a cyst and a darker capsule, in which both the acanthocephalans and their surrounding envelopes were destroyed. We suggest that the cystacanth's cyst is a protective barrier against the host's cellular response, while the lighter and darker capsules represent different stages of parasite degeneration.

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