We propose Dulcitransversotrema n. gen. for the freshwater transversotrematids Dulcitransversotrema patialense (Soparkar, 1924) n. comb. and Dulcitransversotrema chauhani (Agrawal and Singh, 1960) n. comb. Dulcitransversotrema is unique by the combination of lacking an oral sucker and an extensively coiled uterus as well as having testes that are not deeply lobed and that abut or nearly abut the inner posterolateral margins of the digestive tract (vs. deeply lobed testes that abut the cyclocoel region of the digestive tract only or that do not abut the ceca), a pre-oral genital pore (vs. post-oral genital pore), an ovary that is anterior to and abuts or nearly abuts the sinistral testis (vs. an ovary that is separated from the sinistral testis by some distance or having an ovary that is median and immediately pre-testicular), non-embryonated eggs (vs. embryonated eggs), typically having none or sparse vitelline follicles between the testes and ceca (vs. having a wholly inter-cecal vitellarium comprising a pair of highly compacted clusters of vitelline follicles anterolateral to the testes or having numerous vitelline follicles between the testes and ceca), an oblong, median, and primarily inter-testicular vitelline reservoir (vs. an extensively elongate, pre-testicular vitelline reservoir that arches anteriorly around the sinistral testis), and a subterminal excretory pore opening on the dorsal body surface between the level of the cyclocoel and posterior body end (vs. a terminal excretory pore). We describe the redia and cercaria of Dulcitransversotrema cf. patialense from the red-rimmed melania snail, Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774) (Cerithioidea: Thiaridae), and their corresponding adult from beneath the scales of the zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822) (Cypriniformes: Danionidae). All hosts were sampled from a spring-fed earthen pond at a private aquaculture facility near Ruskin, Florida. No transversotrematid life cycle was known from North America previously. The large subunit ribosomal DNA and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 sequences of D. cf. patialense from Florida were most similar to those from D. patialense infecting red-rimmed melania from Mayagüez, Puerto Rico and differed by 134 and 69 nucleotides, respectively. Both phylogenetic analyses recovered Dulcitransversotrema as monophyletic and sister to a clade comprising Transversotrema spp. plus Crusziella formosa Cribb, Bray, and Barker, 1992.

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