It is known that Fasciola sp. from Japan and the Republic of Korea consist of diploids (2n = 2x = 20), triploids (2n = 3x = 30), and mixoploids with diploid and triploid cells. Triploids are distributed over Asia and Hawaii. Abnormal spermatogenesis and parthenogenetic reproduction are the main characteristics of Fasciola sp. Here we measured 21 different morphological parameters of diploid and triploid flukes of Fasciola sp. obtained from Japan and the Republic of Korea. Statistical analysis showed that diploid and triploid flukes were morphologically different. No bivalents or trivalents could be detected in diploid and triploid flukes, respectively. Based on our findings, we speculate that parthenogenetic diploids, triploids, and mixoploids (2x/3x) of Fasciola sp. are genetically related to each other.

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