The genetic variability of 10 Cryptosporidium parvum isolates of human and animal origin was investigated using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Analysis of fluorescent dye-labeled amplified products was carried out using an ABI PRISM™ 377 DNA sequencer and ABI PRISM™ GeneScan software. One-hundred and twelve primer combinations were evaluated using a single C. parvum isolate. The patterns generated were highly reproducible. For subsequent study, a subset of 9 primer pairs that yielded 30–90 DNA fragments after the polymerase chain reaction, within the size range of 50–500 bp, was used to screen the 10 C. parvum isolates, including 7 bovine, 1 equine, and 2 of human origin. The animal isolates produced identical fingerprint patterns with every primer combination tested. Of the 2 human isolates tested, 1 of the isolates, passaged in calves, generated the same AFLP DNA banding patterns as the animal isolates, whereas the other isolate, obtained directly from human feces, produced unique patterns. Polymorphism, detected by comparison of the fingerprint patterns of the latter human isolate with the common pattern shared by all other isolates, ranged from 17 to 35% for the 9 primer pairs. The results show that AFLP is a useful method for differentiating C. parvum isolates into 2 distinct genotypes.

You do not currently have access to this content.