The genetic influence on host susceptibility to Neodiplostomum seoulense infection and fatality of the host was studied in 3 inbred strains of mice (BALB/c [H-2d], C3H/He [H-2k], and C57BL/6 [H-2b]). The survival of the mice, worm expulsion kinetics, worm size, number of eggs produced per day (EPD), and number of uterine eggs were observed from day 1 to day 40 postinfection (PI) with 100 or 200 metacercariae per mouse. Infection with N. seoulense was highly lethal to all 3 strains of mice, but the lethality was dose-dependent and varied according to the genetic backgrounds of the mice. The C3H/He mice exhibited the highest mortality, the lowest worm burdens and EPD, and the quickest expulsion of worms. It is suggested that different genetic backgrounds of mice appear to affect the host's capacity to expel N. seoulense and the fatality of the hosts themselves.

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