The kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) minicircle molecules of 14 Brazilian stocks of Trypanosoma evansi were studied by morphological approaches (Giemsa and 4′-6′-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining and transmission electron microscopy) and molecular approaches (probing with an oligonucleotide complementary to the minicircle origin of replication and polymerase chain reaction amplification of a minicircle sequence). All methods indicated the absence of both a typical kinetoplast and kDNA minicircles, even in a very small number of parasites of a single stock or in small numbers of copies of molecules per cell. We did not detect any altered kDNA molecules. There were no kDNA molecules in either old or new stocks of T. evansi maintained by successive passages in mice. Similarly, no kDNA minicircles were detected in trypanosomes in blood smears from naturally infected domestic and wild animals. Thus, the total absence of kDNA in Brazilian stocks of T. evansi from both domestic and wild mammals is probably the natural state of Brazilian T. evansi.

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