Previous investigations of cercarial sensory systems have focused on chaetotaxy and ultrastructure of sensory receptors and have revealed chaetotaxic patterns within families, genera, and species as well as different types of sensory receptors. However, chaetotaxic and ultrastructural observations have rarely been combined. We investigated the ultrastructure of cercarial sensory receptors in conjunction with the chaetotaxy and neuromorphology in 2 allocreadiid species belonging to the genera Crepidostomum and Bunodera. Cercariae were treated with acetylthiocholine iodide and silver nitrate, and for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Similar cholinergic nerve networks were revealed. Chaetotaxy was consistent with that of other allocreadiids. Seven and 6 types of receptors were distinguished with SEM in Crepidostomum sp. and Bunodera sp., respectively. Types differed in number of cilia (1 or 2), cilium length (short, moderately long, or long), presence or absence of a tegumentary collar and a domelike base, and tegumentary collar length (low, moderately low, or high). TEM of some types revealed unsheathed cilia, basal body, and thickened nerve collars. Some receptor types were site specific. Thus, long uniciliated receptors were concentrated on the dorsal surface. Other types, such as short uniciliated receptors, were widespread throughout most regions. Ultrastructure and site-specificity observations suggest that most receptors are mechanoreceptors.
ULTRASTRUCTURE AND CHAETOTAXY OF SENSORY RECEPTORS IN THE CERCARIAE OF A SPECIES OF CREPIDOSTOMUM BRAUN, 1900 AND BUNODERA RAILLIET, 1896 (DIGENEA: ALLOCREADIIDAE)
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T. Bogéa, J. N. Caira; ULTRASTRUCTURE AND CHAETOTAXY OF SENSORY RECEPTORS IN THE CERCARIAE OF A SPECIES OF CREPIDOSTOMUM BRAUN, 1900 AND BUNODERA RAILLIET, 1896 (DIGENEA: ALLOCREADIIDAE). J Parasitol 1 April 2001; 87 (2): 273–286. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2001)087[0273:UACOSR]2.0.CO;2
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