The pathogenicity of 4 species of entomopathogenic fungi (Hyphomycetes species: Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae, Metarhizium flavoviride, and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus) to various developmental stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks was compared under laboratory conditions. The most virulent isolate, M. anisopliae-108, caused 92–96% mortality to unfed larvae and nymphs on day 7 postinfection (PI) and 100% mortality to unfed adults and engorged females on day 21 PI. The pathogenicity of M. anisopliae-108 to engorged larvae and nymphs was lower—82.6 and 60%, respectively. All tested B. bassiana, M. flavoviride, and P. fumosoroseus isolates were significantly less virulent (P < 0.05) or avirulent toward most life stages of R. sanguineus. The M. anisopliae and M. flavoviride isolates also prevented or reduced the ability of the ticks to lay eggs several days before their deaths. Female ticks infected by the fungi achieved only 11.3–60.8% of their egg-laying capacity compared with the controls.
PATHOGENICITY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGI TO DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF RHIPICEPHALUS SANGUINEUS (ACARI: IXODIDAE)
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Michael Samish, Galina Gindin, Evgeny Alekseev, Itamar Glazer; PATHOGENICITY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGI TO DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF RHIPICEPHALUS SANGUINEUS (ACARI: IXODIDAE). J Parasitol 1 December 2001; 87 (6): 1355–1359. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2001)087[1355:POEFTD]2.0.CO;2
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