Eprinomectin has been approved for use as a topically applied endectocide for beef and dairy cattle. To determine if eprinomectin has utility as an injectable anthelmintic, it was titrated at 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mg/kg s.c. against adult (Trial 1) and at 0.05, 0.1, 0.14, and 0.2 mg/kg s.c. against immature (Trial 2) stages of lung and gastrointestinal nematodes in cattle. In Trial 1, every dose of subcutaneously delivered eprinomectin showed maximal or near-maximal (≥99%) efficacy against Haemonchus placei, Ostertagia ostertagi, Trichostrongylus axei, T. colubriformis, Cooperia punctata, Nematodirus helvetianus, Oesophagostomum radiatum, and Dictyocaulus viviparus. Adult C. oncophora was the only exception. However, even against this species, the lowest dose of 0.05 mg/kg showed 93% efficacy, and the efficacious dose necessary to kill 95% (ED95) of adults was 0.056 mg/kg. In Trial 2, every dose of subcutaneously delivered eprinomectin showed maximal or near-maximal (≥99%) efficacy against the immature stages of all of the above species of endoparasites. As a result, ED95 values could not be calculated. Consequently, the exquisite potency against endoparasites through parenteral administration suggests that eprinomectin may also have potential utility as an injectable product for cattle.
TITRATION OF SUBCUTANEOUSLY ADMINISTERED EPRINOMECTIN AGAINST MATURE AND IMMATURE NEMATODES IN CATTLE
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Wes Shoop, Bruce Michael, John Egerton, Helmut Mrozik, Mike Fisher; TITRATION OF SUBCUTANEOUSLY ADMINISTERED EPRINOMECTIN AGAINST MATURE AND IMMATURE NEMATODES IN CATTLE. J Parasitol 1 December 2001; 87 (6): 1466–1469. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2001)087[1466:TOSAEA]2.0.CO;2
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