Between January and March 2001, eight 4- to 8-wk-old camels (Camelus dromedarius) from 2 farms from Dubai area of the United Arab Emirates were submitted for necropsy examination. The camels had diarrhea of 2–5 days duration. Grossly, a severe diphtheroid-to-hemorrhagic colitis was seen in all animals. Gamonts, unsporulated oocysts, sporulating oocysts, and fully sporulated oocysts were present in the intestinal epithelium and the lamina propria. Fully sporulated oocysts contained 2 sporocysts and 4 sporozoites in each sporocyst. Oocysts from fecal samples resembled oocysts of Isospora orlovi. This is the first report of an isosporan parasite associated with hemorrhagic enteritis in the large intestine of any animal.

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