Toxoplasma gondii was found in endemic Hawaiian birds, including 2 nene geese (Nesochen sandvicensis), 1 red-footed booby (Sula sula), and an introduced bird, the Erckels francolin (Francolinus erckelii). All 4 birds died of disseminated toxoplasmosis; the parasite was found in sections of many organs, and the diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining with anti–T. gondii–specific polyclonal antibodies. This is the first report of toxoplasmosis in these species of birds.
Toxoplasmosis in Three Species of Native and Introduced Hawaiian Birds
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Thierry M. Work, J. Gregory Massey, David S. Lindsay, J. P. Dubey; Toxoplasmosis in Three Species of Native and Introduced Hawaiian Birds. J Parasitol 1 October 2002; 88 (5): 1040–1042. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[1040:TITSON]2.0.CO;2
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