The effect of oryzalin on excystation and metacystic development of Entamoeba invadens strain IP-1 was examined by transfer of cysts to a growth medium containing the drug. Excystation, which was assessed by counting the number of metacystic amoebae after induction of excystation, was inhibited by oryzalin in a concentration-dependent manner. Metacystic development, which was determined by the number of nuclei in metacystic amoebae, was also inhibited by oryzalin because the percentage of 4-nucleate amoebae at day 1 remained unchanged at day 3. The addition of oryzalin after the induction of excystation decreased the number of metacystic amoebae, compared with control cultures. When cysts were incubated for 1 day in growth medium plus oryzalin, little increase in the number of metacystic amoebae was observed after removal of the drug. Excystation and metacystic development were further inhibited when the cysts were incubated for 30 min in encystation medium containing oryzalin before transfer to growth medium with the drug. When cysts were incubated for 30 min in encystation medium before transfer to growth medium without the drug, metacystic amoebae decreased in number. Pretreatment of cysts with oryzalin for 30 min in phosphate-buffered saline markedly reduced viability and prevented excystation in growth medium with or without the drug. The results indicate that oryzalin inhibits excystation and metacystic development of E. invadens, suggesting that it may be an inhibitor of Entamoeba infection.
INHIBITION OF EXCYSTATION AND METACYSTIC DEVELOPMENT OF ENTAMOEBA INVADENS BY THE DINITROANILINE HERBICIDE ORYZALIN
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Asao Makioka, Masahiro Kumagai, Seiki Kobayashi, Tsutomu Takeuchi; INHIBITION OF EXCYSTATION AND METACYSTIC DEVELOPMENT OF ENTAMOEBA INVADENS BY THE DINITROANILINE HERBICIDE ORYZALIN. J Parasitol 1 October 2002; 88 (5): 994–999. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[0994:IOEAMD]2.0.CO;2
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