Because of the likelihood that Corynosoma magdaleni Montreuil, 1958, has been confused with C. strumosum (Rudolphi, 1802) in reports of parasites from seals and to clarify its distribution in the Baltic Sea, acanthocephalans from 26 young gray seals from the southwestern Finnish archipelago (western Baltic Sea) were examined. All harbored C. semerme (Forssell, 1904). In addition to C. semerme, 12 had both C. strumosum and C. magdaleni, 3 had only C. strumosum, and 9 had only C. magdaleni. Most anatomical structures of C. strumosum are similar to, but larger than, those of C. magdaleni. The most conspicuous differences are the longer and more robust trunk of C. strumosum, the routinely longer proboscis (mean, 653 vs. 476 μm) and larger proboscis hook (mean, 69 vs. 58 μm) of C. strumosum, and the greater extent of ventral trunk spines (mean, 61 vs. 47%) in C. magdaleni. In addition, C. strumosum consistently possesses 18 longitudinal rows of proboscis hooks, whereas C. magdaleni has 17–23, with 20 being the usual number by far. In seals aged 3.6 mo, on average, C. strumosum was more prevalent and abundant than was C. magdaleni, whereas in seals of age 2.0–3.0 mo the reverse was true, with C. strumosum being nearly absent. These differences might reveal the age-dependent food habits of the very young seals. No site segregation was found between C. strumosum and C. magdaleni in the small intestine, but they clearly segregated from C. semerme, which occurred mainly in the cecum, large intestine, and rectum. All species matured equally well in gray seals, with 62, 67, and 53% of the C. magdaleni, C. strumosum, and C. semerme, respectively, comprising gravid worms (possessing eggs with fully formed acanthors).

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