Several potential cues for increased surface antigenic expression of lung-stage schistosomula, such as lack of glucose and amino acids and extremes of pH or HCO3 concentration, failed to alter the negligible larval reactivity with control, infection, or irradiated cercariae-vaccine serum in indirect membrane immunofluorescence. In contrast, incubation of larvae in 90% corn oil for 6 hr led to surface membrane changes, which allowed specific and strong binding of antibody from antischistosome sera. The data together indicated that the lung-stage worms' confinement of antigenic molecules in lipid-rich sites of the outer membrane could be reversed in vitro after exposure to corn oil, in a concentration- and time-dependent manner.

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