Using a range of parameters, the ability of rats (Rattus norvegicus) to successfully transmit Echinostoma friedi to the next host was examined under experimental conditions. The concept of Experimental Transmission Success (TM), defined as the number of hosts that become successfully infected after exposure to a number of infective stages produced by a previous host per unit of inoculation at which this latter host was exposed, was introduced. Using data for the egg output and miracidium hatching and infectivity, the TM permits us to estimate the ability of a particular defintive host species to successfully transmit a parasite species. This concept may be also useful to compare the transmission fitness of a parasite in different definitive host species. Moreover, variations of the Experimental Transmission Success over the course of the infection were calculated by the use of the Weekly Experimental Transmission Success (TMW). Overall, considering the complete duration of the experiment, the TM of E. friedi using rats as definitive hosts was 0.68 infected snails/metacercaria. However, positive values of the TMW were only obtained from 2 to 4 wk post-infection, with a maximum during the third wk post-infection. When comparing the TM values of E. friedi in rats with those calculated in hamsters on the basis of previously published data, E. friedi appears to be more appropriate to move through this portion of its life cycle when using hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) as the final host than rats.
A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH TO THE EXPERIMENTAL TRANSMISSION SUCCESS OF ECHINOSTOMA FRIEDI (TREMATODA: ECHINOSTOMATIDAE) IN RATS
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Rafael Toledo, Inés Carpena, Ana Espert, Javier Sotillo, Carla Muñoz-Antoli, J. Guillermo Esteban; A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH TO THE EXPERIMENTAL TRANSMISSION SUCCESS OF ECHINOSTOMA FRIEDI (TREMATODA: ECHINOSTOMATIDAE) IN RATS. J Parasitol 1 February 2006; 92 (1): 16–20. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-574R1.1
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