The ultrastructure of the infective oncosphere of the cestode Mosgovoyia ctenoides (Anoplocephalidae) is described. The surface of the infective oncosphere is covered by a thin cytoplasmic layer of tegument connected by a narrow cytoplasmic process with the binucleate subtegumental cell, situated deeper in the body. Below the basal matrix of the cytoplasmic layer of the tegument are situated wide bands of the peripheral, somatic musculature responsible for body movements. The 3 pairs of hooks and their muscles form a complex hook muscle system, responsible for coordinated hook action. Five major types of cells have been distinguished: (1) a binucleate subtegumental cell, (2) a binucleate penetration gland, (3) 2 nerve cells, (4) numerous somatic cells, and (5) about 6 germinative cells. The approximate number of cells is 24 (26 nuclei, including 2 syncytial structures). The results of this study, when compared with other published reports from other cestode taxa, support previous hypotheses that the progressive reduction of oncosphere cells is an adaptive feature in cestode evolution.

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