The life cycle of Brachylaima llobregatensis n. sp. (Trematoda: Brachylaimidae) is elucidated. Embryonated, operculated, asymmetric eggs (30.9 × 18.2 μm) are eliminated with feces of natural hosts wood mouse Mus spretus; white-toothed shrew, Crocidura russula; and an experimental host, domestic mouse, Mus musculus var. domesticus. The eggs are ingested by the helicid gastropod Helix (Cornu) aspersa, the only natural and experimental first intermediate host. The miracidium hatches from the egg, infects the snails, and develops into a branched sporocyst in the digestive gland. Microcaudate cercariae emerge from this snail and develop into unencysted metacercariae in the kidney of second intermediate host snails H. (C.) aspersa and Otala punctata (natural hosts) and Theba pisana (experimental host). Ingestion of infected snails leads to the infection of definitive hosts, with the adults inhabiting the middle part of the small intestine. There is a chaetotaxic pattern specific on the acetabular (SII 5–6 papillae) and body (papillae absent on PII) levels. Three types of cercaria papillae were observed by scanning electron microscopy: argentophilic papillae with fingerlike processes (cephalic, body, and acetabular levels); argentophilic papillae with opening (2 papillae in the M body level); and nonargentophilic dome-shaped papillae (on the cephalic CII level, alternating with argentophilic SII papillae on the ventral sucker). Suckers are subequal, with the acetabulum located in the posterior part of the anterior third of body. Vitellaria extend from anterior margin of acetabulum to between middle level and anterior margin of anterior testis.

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