The level of drug-metabolizing enzymes (cytochrome P450 [CYP450] and cytochrome b5 [cyt b5]) and the bioavailability of praziquantel (PZQ) were investigated in batches of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni displaying either a decreased susceptibility to PZQ (“EE2” and “BANL”-isolates), or a normal susceptibility to the drug (“CD” isolate). Each batch was divided into 2 groups. The first group was further subdivided into 5 subgroups. Subgroups 1 to 4 were treated 7 wk postinfection (PI) with oral PZQ at 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg for 5 consecutive days, whereas the fifth subgroup was administered the vehicle only as control. Animals were perfused 9 wk PI, and worms were counted to estimate PZQ ED50. CYP450 and cyt b5 were examined in hepatic microsomes of infected untreated mice and of infected mice treated with 25 and 200 mg/ kg PZQ. The second group was given PZQ 7 wk PI and was further subdivided into 11 subgroups, killed at 2, 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 240, and 360 min postdosing to study pharmacokinetic parameters of PZQ. Mice harboring S. mansoni isolates having higher PZQ ED50 (170.3 mg/kg for EE2 and 249.9 mg/kg for BANL vs. 82.96 mg/kg for CD) had higher levels of CYP450 and cyt b5, a PZQ Cmax decreased by 19–30% and area under the serum concentration-time curve0–6 hr decreased by 57– 74%. Data suggest that S. mansoni isolates that are less sensitive to PZQ induce a lower inhibition of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, with a consequently higher metabolic transformation of PZQ.

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