In total, 9 endohelminth species were found to parasitize 7 fish species (2 cyprinids, 4 goodeids, and 1 poeciilid) from La Mintzita Reservoir, Michoacán, in central Mexico; 5 were larvae, including 3 allogenic species (Clinostomum complanatum, Tylodelphys sp., Posthodiplostomum minimum) and 2 autogenic species (Serpinema trispinosum, Spiroxys sp.). Four were enteric autogenic adults, i.e., Margotrema bravoae, Bothriocephalus acheilognathi, Proteocephalus longicollis, and Rhabdochona lichtenfelsi. The metacercariae of P. minimum reached the highest levels of prevalence and mean abundance among host species. Our results confirm the depauperate nature of the helminth communities of freshwater fishes from central Mexico. On the basis of this data set, we estimated the total endohelminth species richness for each component community by using 7 nonparametric estimators whose performance was evaluated with the unscaled measures of bias, precision, and accuracy. We found that Chao1 and Bootstrap are the most precise and least biased methods for the 7 component communities; however, species richness was consistently underestimated. The underestimation was an unavoidable consequence of the patchy distribution of helminth species among different component communities, particularly at the small sample size used in our study.
Estimation of the Endohelminth Parasite Species Richness in Freshwater Fishes From La Mintzita Reservoir, Michoacán, Mexico
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María de la Luz Romero-Tejeda, Luis García-Prieto, Lorena Garrido-Olvera, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León; Estimation of the Endohelminth Parasite Species Richness in Freshwater Fishes From La Mintzita Reservoir, Michoacán, Mexico. J Parasitol 1 February 2008; 94 (1): 288–292. doi: https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-1157.1
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