Abstract

Blocks of frozen lungs of 2 Australian fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus Wood Jones, 1925), 2 New Zealand fur seals (A. forsteri [Lesson, 1828]), and 1 sub-Antarctic fur seal (A. tropicalis [Gray, 1872]) from 3 different locations (Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, respectively) were examined and found to contain lung parasites. This represents the first thorough description and identification of a new species, Parafilaroides normani, from an eared seal (Otariidae) in the Southern Hemisphere. The new species is described, illustrated, and differentiated from the 6 recognized species in the genus by body size, spicule shape and size, vulva to anus length, and vaginal sphincter musculature.

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