Paleoparasitological research has made important contributions to our understanding of parasite evolution and ecology since the 1960s. Since then, most studies have focused on paleoparasitological evidence from single sites or samples. With the development of high throughput sequencing techniques, new avenues of investigation for paleoparasitological material are opening up. Here, I provide an overview of recent developments and highlight how these results will broaden the scope of the field, placing paleoparasitology at the interface of a wide array of studies, including parasitology, climate change, human evolution, and evolutionary processes.

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