Angiostrongylus lenzii n. sp. (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) is described and illustrated from the pulmonary artery of the wild rodent Akodon montensis Thomas, 1913, collected in the municipality of Teresopólis, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. It represents the 17th species of the genus and the 2nd in South America as parasites in rodents. This new species is the most similar morphologically to Angiostrongylus vasorum, Angiostrongylus gubernaculatus, Angiostrongylus schmidti, and Angiostrongylus morerai. It can be distinguished from them by the morphology of the caudal bursa, ventral rays 2 and 3 with conspicuous knobs, differences in width and length of lateral and dorsal rays, presence of rays 8, and length of spicules.